Electrical systems are part of our lives. They help us to get light and energy whenever we need it. Appliances that we use in our day-to-day lives need electricity to work. We need electricity from fans to refrigerators and industry machines to conveyer belts everywhere. Factories use and require a lot of energy daily as they work in bulk. Depending on the usage and need, electricity is available in two formats that are one phase and Three-phase electricity (ไฟ 3 เฟส, which is the term in Thai).
Electrical systems are complex. Therefore, let us understand these systems and learn their differences to clarify the suitable electricity needs for our lives.
What Is A 3-Phase System?
A s3-phase electrical system is an electrical system that provides us with higher power. The system generates electricity for the appliances that need alternating currents to run. It is a 4-wired electrical system with three wires having current, and the fourth one is neutral. If we connect the line wire with the line wire, we will get 380 to 400 volts of electricity; with the neutral wire, we will get 230 to 250 volts.
Most industries and more significant properties use this 3-phase 4, 4-wire electrical system to cater to the need for more electricity. We can also use this 3-phase, 4-wire combination electrical system at home. But we should plan our electrical system so that our home appliances get only single-phase electricity.
Why Should Industries Use 3-Phase Electrical Systems?
In industry, we need light and electricity longer than in homes. Hence they use three-phase electricity for the following reasons:
Industries need a continuous supply of electricity. Therefore the cost of electricity is also high. The 3-phase electrical system generates more electricity with less power. With the same installation process, we can also generate 1-phase electricity, saving electricity costs.
With a 3-phase electrical system, you will get flexibility in electricity usage. You can plan and distribute the electricity wherever needed. It will help you save electricity and prevent its overuse.
Offers Sufficient Output Without Disturbance
The 3-phase electrical system provides the maximum amount of electricity an industry needs. Also, it is capable of delivering continuous electricity. However, with 1-phase electricity, you get it, but it cannot meet the factory’s needs. With one-phase electricity, the factory may face problems such as blackouts and electricity dropouts because of overuse of electricity.